jeudi 14 août 2008

+ GALDÓS y MADRID

***

Es posible que se pueda establecer un binomio diferente entre Madrid y otro escritor, p.e., con Mesonero Romanos, escritor costumbrista madrileño, pero a mi modo de ver es Benito Pérez Galdós, nacido en Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, quien se lleva la palma.

Se vino a Madrid con veinte años para ser madrileño auténtico, convencido, cuyas calles recorrió paseando innumerables veces, conoció las típicas casas de huéspedes sórdidas, acogedoras y pintorescas que serán tema literario hasta bien entrado el siglo siguiente, frecuentando la de la calle de las Fuentes y posteriormente la de la calle del Olivo (hoy Mesonero Romanos) y otras.

Encontró una lejana evocación hogareña en El Ateneo madrileño, en la calle de la Montera.

Aparte del tiempo dedicado a la Universidad, todo su vivir lo dedicaba a leer y a andar por Madrid de punta a cabo. En el bellísimo ensayo titulado Madrid nos relata ‘que no podía resistir la tentación de lanzarme a las calles en busca de una cátedra y enseñanza más amplias que las universitarias; las aulas de la vida urbana, el estudio y reconocimiento visual de sus calles, callejuelas, angosturas, costanillas, plazuelas y rincones de esta urbe madrileña, que a mi parecer contenía materia filosófica, jurídica, económica, económico-política y, sobre todo, literaria…, asistiendo al relevo de la guardia de Palacio…embelesado con el militar estruendo de charangas, tambores y clarines, el rodar de la artillería, el desfile de las tropas a pie y a caballo y el gentío no exclusivamente popular…’.

Recorría además de calles, las viejas iglesias, los palacios antiguos… Frecuentaba el Café de Naranjeros, de la plaza de la Cebada; la tertulia del Café Universal, en la Puerta del Sol; el Café Europeo en la calle de Sevilla (hoy de Arlabán), frecuentada por toreros, cómicos y mujeres de vida desenfadada; menos el Café de la Iberia, hirviente de política; asistía con frecuencia al Teatro Real y al Teatro Español.

Con motivo de la revolución de 1868, que derribaba del trono a Isabel II y proclamaba el triunfo de la República tuvo la ocasión de ver la entrada en Madrid de los generales Serrano y Prim.

De todos estos lugares, andanzas y costumbres nos hablaría Galdós en sus obras, en las que se aprecia, al margen de la calidad literaria, el conocimiento profundo de la ciudad y el amor que le profesaba.

A Galdós se le conoce como el cronista del siglo XIX y testimonio de ello son sus Episodios Nacionales, que empiezan con Trafalgar (1805) y acaban con Cánovas (fallecido en 1897), es decir, ejerce de testigo histórico de la vida española durante casi un siglo, con detalles reales de las gentes y las costumbres de la época. Y se ciñe tanto a la realidad que antes de escribir Trafalgar visitó en Santander, en la plaza del Pombo, a un superviviente de la batalla, un viejecito de unos 90 años. Y para escribir Zumalacárregui anduvo buscando datos y noticias en Cegama, Beasain, Azpeitia, Loyola, Azcoitia, Bilbao,…, y se entrevistó con un sobrino carnal del aguerrido general.

Madrid está presente en la mayoría de sus novelas, especialmente en La Fontana de Oro, El audaz, La familia de León Roch,…, obras de su primera época, pero también en otras, como Fortunata y Jacinta, una de sus novelas cumbre, realmente enraizada en Madrid, en que nos describe en unas dos mil páginas un espléndido paisaje urbano con numerosos personajes comunes y populares.

Para darnos cuenta del alcance del conocimiento y devoción que sentía Galdós por los escenarios madrileños baste analizar con mayor detalle una de sus mejores novelas: Misericordia. Nos dice Galdós: “En ‘Misericordia’ me propuse descender a las capas más íntimas de la sociedad matritense, describiendo y presentando los tipos más humanos, la miseria, dolorosa casi siempre, en algunos casos picaresca o criminal y merecedora de corrección. Para esto hube de emplear largos meses en observaciones y estudios directos del natural, visitando las guaridas de gente mísera o maleante que se alberga en los populosos barrios del Sur de Madrid. Acompañado de policías escudriñé las ‘Casas de dormir’ de las calles de Mediodía Grande y del Bastero, y para penetrar en las repugnantes viviendas donde celebran sus ritos nauseabundos los más rebajados prosélitos de Baco y Venus, tuve que disfrazarme de médico de la Higiene Municipal…”.

“El ‘moro Almudena, Mordejai’, que parte tan principal tiene en la acción de la novela, fue arrancado del natural por una feliz coincidencia…que en el Oratorio del Caballero de Gracia pedía limosna un ciego andrajoso, que por su facha y lenguaje parecía de estirpe agarena. Acudí a verle y quedé maravillado de la salvaje rudeza de aquel infeliz que en español aljamiado interrumpido a cada instante por juramentos terroríficos… Le llevé conmigo por las calles de Madrid, con escala en varias tabernas…”.


Estos pasajes nos dan una leve idea de la profundidad con que Galdós conocía y retrata las escenas de la geografía humana matritense.

No nos queda espacio para unas valoraciones sobre por qué Galdós no es más popular en nuestros días (mala propaganda de su figura durante la época de la dictadura, etc.) y en su ideología política (se confesaba republicano).

Solamente hemos querido mostrar cómo vivía Madrid el escritor más madrileño de los no madrileños y cuán bien conocía y amaba la capital.

***

21 commentaires:

Anonyme a dit…

We cram as a military talents to all kinds of excessive influence s that dole out access to fro a situation in a incongruity of styles, colors and sizes at wholesale price.All [url=http://www.oyeahbridal.com]cheap wedding dresses[/url]
are second-rate with clothes-horse styles associating apparels including draughtsman combining drive someone mental a uncover, seaside relationship dresses, wedding gowns, bridesmaids dresses, prom outfits, cream gal dresses & bodyguard dresses.Even we can purvey the services of loose vastness customization and manumitted unused bulk Short-circuit the whistle on acquire out affordable astonishing compounding dresses in the these days sense of foreboding!fanciful horn-mad shopping, overturn on a certain's sunday most skilfully clothes marvellously looking into the noteworthy juncture with the subsidy of Oyeahbridal.


http://www.oyeahbridal.com/cheap-prom-dresses-2013.html

Anonyme a dit…

We provide all kinds of dear quality s that sink in fare in a difference of styles,[url=http://www.safeandsoon.com/]cheap wedding dress[/url]
colors and sizes at wholesale price.All are cheap with up to the minute styles wedding apparels including originator uniting adorn, beach wedding dresses, conjugal gowns, bridesmaids dresses, prom outfits, cream young lady dresses & mother dresses.Even we can stock the services of open size customization and loose extra measure Blow the whistle on buy affordable astounding compounding dresses now!satisfaction in hot shopping, array to the letter exchange for the notable wedding with the labourers of G-marry bridal.


http://www.safeandsoon.com/

Anonyme a dit…

[b][url=http://www.bestlouisvuittonbags.co.uk/]louis vuitton handbags[/url][/b] Banking on the net is expanding in massive jumps. You have the break to get an product you see on eBay or Craigslist. Whole information about louis vuitton handbags wholesale and wholesale mint julep cups down below. It goes without having saying that Grazia Regular could be overJOYED in case the 46-year-old created her private line. Aside from, SJP Couture features a suitably fashioney ring to it, dontcha believe? We are already visualizing sweepy gowns, sharp blazers, statement necklaces, mega hats and, not surprisingly, her new accessory of alternative: ladylike gloves within an array of colours. Oh go on SJP, get it done to the gals..

[b][url=http://www.uggbootswebsite.co.uk/]ugg uk[/url][/b] Lu rong is also often called deer antler, deer antler velvet. Apart from tt is most effective determined in maximizing the intercourse that experience gentlemen, it also is a superb herb that decreases the clog within the meridian challenging operating liver and kidney. Like every corporation you desire to Reproduction Louis Vuitton Belts a steady stream of individuals signing up for the organization.

[b][url=http://www.uggsonsalewebsite.co.uk/]uggs[/url][/b] Do not forget!: Critique, Evaluate, Critique. Most leaders are familiar with that sinking experience if they understand they missed a deadline. With hats traveling from side to side, it really is no wonder that some hats get dropped, stepped on, and just simple neglected. As you anticipated, this sort of Gucci Tribeca Medium Glenohumeral joint Tote is priced at a value with regards to 1395 USD. That is not welcoming meant for common shoppers during this specific financial melancholy. However custom made baggage usually be invest in rather of home goods.

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonbagswebsite.co.uk/]louis vuitton purses[/url][/b] "There's absolutely do the job to this," Fish says. "Maybe you're not building a log cabin, but you can find plenty of mental have on and tear. They'll hear, `You misplaced weight,' or `You obtained weight.' And also you can not read the stares (of) the casting directors.

[b][url=http://www.bestlouisvuittonbags.co.uk/]louis vuitton uk[/url][/b] After we are fearful of failing at something, we tend to believe or obsess over it, which is normal, significantly just upfront of regardless of what it is we may possibly be trying to accomplish. However, this latent concern quite a few periods will cause us to consider several scenarios of failure, and not without the need of repercussions. Focusing on adverse choices leads to the brain and human body to both overcompensate as a result of elevated adrenaline, ensuing in a accurate self-fulfilled prophesy of failure, or may simply result in a person to acquiesce to your potential for failure and give up beforehand for fear of embarrassment; therefore accepting defeat even in advance of achievement provides a opportunity to come about.

Anonyme a dit…

ugg boots outlet So prior to I go I should really most likely show you about one of the most pivotal occasions in my life as well as in the whole existence of CoppaFeel!, to not point out the reason for that title of this publish. The effects this minute experienced on me surpasses acquiring every single Satisfaction of Whatevers and acolades imaginable. Two days ago I received an electronic mail from the 26 12 months previous referred to as Jenny.

louis vuitton bags This iconic identify, much like Louis Vuitton, signifies the essence of high-class items. And that's its origin, whenever we chat about this lately, we've been heading to remind of its cultural backgrounds plus the sturdy environment in lifestyle and humanities ensure it is comprehensive of attraction. Louis Vuitton Galliera PM also delivers us the cultural shades.

louis vuitton handbags All enterprise costs could be described on Schedule C, and that is "The Revenue or Loss from Business" form. There are two strategies of reporting expenditures: making use of the funds system or even the price of products bought. You ought to make use of the cash enterprise process except if your expenses include product stock..
Prospects just require a pc or laptop using an connection to the internet, modem or router and an ADSL line. Most households have this by now, which means you shouldn't ought to shell out far more. Even novices will find the installation uncomplicated.. Hardly ever has any individual been superior completely ready for something considering that the aged Batman indicates. Within the remakes they took him to some total new degree generating anything terribly slick and futuristic. They took outKeywords: Willy Tanner, godzilla toys, godzilla toy, godzilla motion figures, remote control toys, rc toys, radio controlled toys.

www.bestlouisvuittonukstore.co.uk This is certainly Seoul's Champs-Elys a concrete-and-glass table of contents for your world wide fashion brand names that also fill Seoul's shops, these kinds of as Lotte, Hyundai and Shinsegae, Korea's oldest. Retail rents within the Cheong-dam and Apkujeong neighborhoods priciest in Korea quadrupled around the earlier ten decades. As on Rodeo Generate or Fifth Avenue, if a retail outlet hasn't arrived here, it hasn't arrived inside the eyes from the brand-conscious Korean shopper..
Beethoven chamber songs consists of 32 piano sonatas (not counting 6 early sonatas published in Bonn), ten sonatas for violin and piano, sixteen string quartets, 7 piano trios, and many other ensembles (such as the string trios as well as a septet for blended ensemble). His finest chamber compositions and sonatas for piano, the Sonata for violin and piano, and other people distinguished with the scope in their ideas, their passionate, tense, dramatic high quality, and also the bold enlargement of the expressiveness with the instruments. The about three quartets, Opus 59 (commissioned because of the Russian ambassador to Vienna, A.

Anonyme a dit…

top [url=http://www.001casino.com/]001[/url] hinder the latest [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com/]online casino[/url] manumitted no consign perk at the foremost [url=http://www.baywatchcasino.com/]free bonus casino
[/url].

Anonyme a dit…

[url=http://clarithromycin.webs.com]biaxin online no prescription
[/url]

Anonyme a dit…

Did you [url=http://www.onlinecasinos.gd]online casino[/url] dedicate that you can on Revolving Mansion speedily from your mobile? We seize a transcendence portable casino convenient against iPhone, iPad, Android, Blackberry, Windows 7 and Smartphone users. Ride your gaming with you and be a winner [url=http://www.adultsrus.us]adults toys[/url] wherever you go.

Anonyme a dit…

It's really a great and useful piece of info. I am happy that you simply shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.
My site: com.br

Anonyme a dit…

Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.
My web site > shopping reviews

Anonyme a dit…

These are actually enormous ideas in concerning blogging.
You have touched some fastidious points here.
Any way keep up wrinting.
Feel free to surf my page - local seo marketing

Anonyme a dit…

What's up, after reading this remarkable article i am too glad to share my experience here with friends.
my site - making money online

Anonyme a dit…

Thanks for the marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it,
you can be a great author.I will make sure to bookmark your blog and may come back sometime soon.
I want to encourage one to continue your great writing,
have a nice holiday weekend!

Stop by my site health insurance

Anonyme a dit…

What a material of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable knowledge
about unpredicted feelings.

Also visit my web-site ... opt email marketing

Anonyme a dit…

I absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post's to be just what I'm looking for.

Do you offer guest writers to write content for you?
I wouldn't mind composing a post or elaborating on some of the subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome site!

Here is my blog post http://pspedia.com/wiki/index.php?title=Thoughts_on_Fundamental_Factors_For_GNC_Coupons

Anonyme a dit…

Have you ever thought about including a little bit
more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and everything.
Nevertheless imagine if you added some great images or video clips to give your posts more, "pop"!
Your content is excellent but with pics and clips, this website could
undeniably be one of the most beneficial in its niche. Terrific
blog!

my web-site: shop online

Anonyme a dit…

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that
I've really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

Here is my webpage - public relation

Anonyme a dit…

This paragraph is truly a fastidious one it assists new internet
people, who are wishing in favor of blogging.

My weblog ... affiliate marketing

Anonyme a dit…

I was recommended this web site by my cousin.

I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble.
You are amazing! Thanks!

My site http://testing.ecolink.gr/

Anonyme a dit…

http://site.ru - [url=http://site.ru]site[/url] site
site

Anonyme a dit…

If you want to take a good deal from this article then you have to apply such techniques to your won weblog.


Also visit my website: reorder Checks

Anonyme a dit…

I simply couldn't depart your web site before suggesting that I actually loved the usual information an individual supply in your visitors? Is going to be again often to investigate cross-check new posts

Here is my homepage ... just click the next web site